INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery can be performed safely with a low complication rate, short hospital stay, and adequate surgical resection and lymph node dissection. However, it is not accepted as the gold standard in colorectal surgery yet. The objective of this study was to discuss the short-term results of laparoscopic surgical resections for colorectal cancer in the context of the literature.
METHODS: Forty-two patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal surgery for a malignant etiology between January 2014 and January 2018 were included in the study. The pPatients were evaluated in terms of demographic features, histopathological characteristics of the tumor, type of surgery, and early postoperative complications.
RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 58.9 years; 36.6% had a T3 status, while 53.7% had a diagnosis of N0 stage. There was a median of 14 dissected lymph nodes. Negative surgical margins were obtained in all patients. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 6 days (range: 328) days). Postoperative early complications were observed in only 9 (21.4%) patients and 2 (4.8%) patients died in the early postoperative period.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic colorectal surgery can be performed safely with a low complication rate, short hospital stay, sufficient surgical resection, and appropriate lymph node dissection.