INTRODUCTION: Various surgical modalities have been developed to reduce the amount and absorption of nutrients in the fight against obesity. We aimed to share how the single-center experience was affected by the developments in the world and its change over time with the literature.
METHODS: The records of patients who underwent laparoscopic bariatric surgery between May 2010 and December 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic characteristics of the patients, indications for surgery, preparation for surgery, surgical technique, and post operative follow-up stages were examined in detail.
RESULTS: A total of 1422 patients underwent bariatric surgery over a 10-year period. Laparoscopic Roux-n-Y Gastric Bypass (LRYGB) was performed in 946 patients and Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) was performed in 476 patients. The operation time (p<0.001) and the intraoperative blood loss (p<0.001) in LRYGB were significantly higher than LSG. The difference was not significant in terms of length of hospital stay (p=0.149) and drain usage (p=0.782). While intraoperative complications occurred in 49 (5.1%) patients in LRYGB, this number was 5 (1%) in LSG (p<0.001). There was no significant difference in Clavien Dindo class 3 and higher complication rates between the groups (p=0.782). Mortality was seen in only 7 (0.5%) patients.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Today, standard techniques are applied in both procedures and the choice is left to the patient. Regardless of the technique applied, laparoscopic bariatric surgery can be applied as an effective and safe method in the treatment of morbid obesity until an alternative treatment is found.